Title “Provincial inequalities in access to public financing for disabled elderly: measures, sources and social justice”
Keywords: long-term care, welfare, territorial inequalities, econometrics
Profile and skills required
Candidates should have completed a master degree in economics. They must have a high level in applied econometrics, normative reasoning abilities and a taste for welfare analysis. They must have sufficient fluency in French to cope with the reading of French written documents (scientific articles, administrative reports…). The thesis will have to be written in French or in English.
For more information, an email can be sent to the supervisors:
We will accept applications until 30 June 2018 (4Pm). The electronic version of your application must be sent to email@example.com, with attached separate pdf files (not zipped), using surname, the application code (D3S) and a self-evident word as file names, (e.g. , Smith_D3S_CV). The paper version must be sent to ED SJPEG, Faculté de Droit de Nancy, 13 place Carnot, 54 035 NANCY Cedex.
As part of the overall assessment of the applicant’s qualifications, an interview will be applied on the 9th of July. The interview can be in French or in English. The interview will be held in Nancy (Bureau d’économie théorique et appliquée (BETA) – 13 rue des Michottes – 54000 Nancy). Videoconferencing can be implemented for applicants studying abroad.
Application include the following information:
The application form (to download on the web site sjpeg.univ-lorraine.fr : 'Le doctorat / Financement / Contrats doctoraux'
A copy of M.sc diploma and student records
The BETA (Bureau d’économie théorique et appliquée: www.beta-umr7522.fr) wants to start up a PhD project on the understanding of provincial inequalities in access to public financing for disabled elderly. A combined theoretical and methodological approach should be explored and used in this project. The project should result in publishable research output on the aforementioned topic.
This PhD project makes part of a larger and interdisciplinary research program (in economics, sociology and geography) related to “ageing and territories” launched by the University of Lorraine, involving the recruitment of three Ph. D students.
The PhD student will carry his/her on studies in the continuity of the previous studies conducted by his/her two supervisors about the long-term care demand by disabled elderly people.
In France, as in most developed countries, the elderly population has grown substantially in the last decades, especially the very old, leading to a key challenge: building social protection for a new social risk, the disability of older people. In France, public policies targeting disabled elderly has been reformed at the beginning of the 2000’s, giving a major role to the counties: in charge of implementing the law at the county-level, they have the possibility to assign specific objectives to it, using some spaces in the legal framework. At the same time, counties face very different constraints regarding their financial resources and the needs of their population. Thus, the combination of partially decentralised decision power with the heterogeneity in the local exogenous contexts makes the question of inequalities in the access to public financing for disabled elderly across counties quite sensitive. The demographic and epidemiologic heterogeneity across counties should increase in the very next future and the economic constraint on public budget will become more binding, after the year 2025. We can bet that the debate on the decentralisation of public policies for disabled elderly will thus be more and more important and that it is high time to understand the mechanism which produces the provincial inequalities in the access to public financing for disabled elderly, to quantify these inequalities as a whole, and to isolate the share of each source (exogenous constraints, local policy choices, interactions with national policy measures…).
Many data bases are now available, describing long-term care and access to public financing, at an individual level. These new data bases allowed researchers to produce some elements that highlight the complexity of the issue at stake. The kaleidoscopic picture drawn by these results points out the necessity of a theoretical framework. Without guidelines based on a theoretical framework including normative criteria it is impossible to implement an econometric strategy leading to a consistent set of meaningful statistical indicators.
This project is driven by the distinctive features of design of the French policy targeting disabled elderly. But international publications of the research outputs are expected thanks to the theoretical dimension of the project: this theoretical dimension guarantees some general results, which could apply to other fields and other countries where the impact of local public interventions is bounded and modified by the national framework in which they take place.
Conditions of employment
The selected candidate will be offered a three-year contract (wage : approx. 21000€ gross per year), during which he/she will have to complete courses (approx. 30 hours per year) and research projects on the topic specified in the vacancy. The employer will be the University of Lorraine. The position is located in Nancy (France).
The PhD student will benefit from the expertise of a large pool of researchers belonging to MODAPA team (www.modapa.cnrs.fr), including full professors in economics, Christian Bontemps (Toulouse School of Economics) and Jérôme Wittwer (Université de Bordeaux) and junior economists, Louis Arnault (post-doc in Health Minister), Robin Hégé (chargé d’étude à la FNMF), Quitterie Roquebert (post-doc SHARE-France team), Olivier Supplisson (ENSAE and HEC student), Marianne Tenand (post-doc, Erasmus university, Rotterdam). Their knowledge of the financing of the long-term care policies in France as in Europe, the results from the literature on this topic, their familiarity with the different available data bases and with the relevant econometrical tools for exploiting this type of data will contribute to help the student, in particular at the beginning of his/her research. Besides, the Ph. D student will benefit from an interdisciplinary program (PhD seminars, workshop…), involving the 3 PhD students recruited by the University of Lorraine, their supervisors and other researchers. At the international level, the PhD student will benefit from several networks (e.g. the international ageing economic network)
- Bourreau-Dubois Cécile, Gramain Agnès, (2014), « La solvabilisation des plans d’aide comme outil décentralisé d’assurance et de redistribution », working paper du BETA, 2014/08.
- Chevreul K, Berg Brigham K. (2013), “Financing long-term care for frail elderly in France: the ghost reform, Health Policy, 111(3), pp. 213–20.
- Gramain Agnès, Hégé Robin, Robert Quitterie (2015), « Ecarts de mise en œuvre ou politiques publiques locales : l’exemple de l’aide aux personnes âgées dépendantes à domicile », Pouvoirs locaux, Trim N°105, 11/2015 (juin)
- Fontaine Roméo (2012), “The effect of public subsidies for formal care on the care provision for disabled elderly people in France”, Economie Publique, 28–29, pp. 271–304
- Kim So-Yun, Hong Gong-Soog et Montalto Catherine (2012), « The effect of long-term care insurance on Home-care use among the disabled elders », Journal of family and economic issues, 33(3), pp. 353-362.Lire la suite